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How new words are born

Course: Weekly lessons, Unit: Sports

  • 65 mins
  • In class
  • Reading
  • C1


Learning goals

  • Understand and respond to the content and language of an authentic article on how new words are made
  • Be able to use a variety of reading strategies effectively

Published by

EF Education First


Success criteria

  • Identify the main ideas in an authentic article about how new words are formed
  • Correctly answer questions about the content of the article
  • Identify the correct definitions for new words based on their use in the article
  • Relate the content of the article to your own language
  • Invent some new words for the English language

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Activities (10)

Introduction

Introduction

Suggestions

  • 2 mins
  • Class
  • Core activity


Instructions

No instructions


Teacher notes

The reading text in this lesson is quite long and challenging, so this lesson may only be suitable for higher-level classes.

 

Warm up

Warm up

Suggestions

  • 3 mins
  • Pair, Group
  • Core activity


Instructions

Watch the video and discuss the questions:

  • Do you know of any other words and phrases that have been invented by President Trump?
  • How many new words do you think get created in English every year?

Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to introduce new English words in a humorous way.

 

Lead in

Lead in

Suggestions

  • 6 mins
  • Pair, Group
  • Core activity


Instructions

Neology means creating or coining new words. How much do you know about the English language and neology? Take the short quiz and then discuss the questions your teacher will ask you.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is for students to find out how much they know about the English language and its origins.

Encourage students to guess. The purpose of this activity is to generate discussion. It is not important if students get the answers wrong.

 

Main ideas

Main ideas

Suggestions

  • 6 mins
  • Individual, Pair, Group
  • Core activity


Instructions

No instructions


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to introduce the main themes of the article.

If necessary, explain how to skim or have students read the reference material.

 

Language

Language

Suggestions

  • 9 mins
  • Individual, Pair, Group
  • Core activity


Instructions

Study the key language in bold within the article. Then match the definitions to the words and phrases.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to define some of the key language from the article.

This prepares students for the Practice activity.

Tell students not to use their dictionaries.

If necessary, explain how to guess the meaning of words from context or have students read the reference material.

 

Practice

Practice

Suggestions

  • 6 mins
  • Individual, Pair, Group
  • Support activity


Instructions

Fill in the gaps to complete the sentences, using the key language. You may need to change the word forms. You do not need to use all the words.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to practise the key language from the Language activity.

 

Detail

Detail

Suggestions

  • 7 mins
  • Individual, Pair, Group
  • Core activity


Instructions

Scan the article and decide whether the statements are 'True' or 'False'.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to understand specific information in the article.

If necessary, explain how to scan or have students read the reference material.

 

Respond

Respond

Suggestions

  • 8 mins
  • Group, Class
  • Core activity


Instructions

No instructions


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to give students the opportunity to think of new words in their language, and how and why they are formed.

Help students to think of some new words in your language if they are unable to come up with examples themselves.

 

Follow up

Follow up

Suggestions

  • 15 mins
  • Group, Class
  • Challenge activity


Instructions

No instructions


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to extend the topic of the lesson, and to allow students to be creative with new words.

Encourage students not to use the loanwords method of word formation to simply copy the words across. If they do want to use a derivative of a word, encourage them to use other methods to adapt it to sound more like an English word.

After students have made their words, have them play a game to test each other.

 

Exit ticket

Exit ticket

Suggestions

  • 3 mins
  • Individual
  • Core activity


Instructions

No instructions


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is for students to reflect on what they learned and what they found difficult in the lesson.

Have students answer the questions in as much detail as they can.

 
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