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Mystery investigation: Infinitives and gerunds

Course: Weekly lessons, Unit: New Grammar Lab sample

  • 60 mins
  • In class, Independent study
  • Grammar
  • B1, B2


Learning goals:

  • Learn differences between infinitives and gerunds
  • Learn which verbs can be followed by infinitives, gerunds, or both
  • Learn how some verbs change meaning if followed by an infinitive or gerund

Published by

EF Education First


Success criteria:

  • Read part of a detective dialogue; identify use of infinitives and gerunds
  • Identify which verbs can be followed by infinitives, gerunds, or both
  • Decide where infinitives and gerunds should be used in a dialogue
  • Identify how the meanings of some verbs change with infinitive or gerund use
  • Choose the correct verb forms in a detective's notes
  • Write your opinions on a mystery using gerunds and infinitives in a suitable way

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Activities (13)

Introduction

Introduction

Recommendations

  • 2 mins
  • Class
  • Core activity
  • Discussion


Student instructions

No instructions


Teacher notes

This Grammar Lab lesson can be used as self-study or as a classroom lesson.
This Grammar Lab lesson is a sample of the new edition of our Grammar Lab course.
If you would like to give us your thoughts about this lesson, please click this link and complete the survey:

 

Warm up

Warm up

Recommendations

  • 3 mins
  • Individual, Pair, Group
  • Core activity
  • Discussion


Student instructions

Think about the questions.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to introduce the topic of crime mysteries, which provide the context in this lesson.
Variation
If this lesson is used in the classroom, have students discuss their opinions in pairs or groups.

 

Knowledge check

Knowledge check

Recommendations

  • 5 mins
  • Individual
  • Core activity
  • Gap fill, closed


Student instructions

Read the sentences about detective stories. Complete the sentences with the correct verb forms. Some gaps can have two forms of the verb.
Don't worry if you don't know the answers. You will learn the answers in this lesson.
Example:
He wants to be a crime writer.
He practises writing every day.
She hates reading / to read crime dramas.

Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to test students' knowledge of which verbs are followed by infinitives, which are followed by gerunds, and which can be followed by both.

 

Lead in

Lead in

Recommendations

  • 2 mins
  • Individual, Pair, Group
  • Core activity
  • Discussion


Student instructions

Think about the questions.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to introduce the context in which target language will be presented in the lesson (a police interview).
Variation
If this lesson is used in the classroom, have students discuss their opinions in pairs or groups.

 

Part A: Discovery 1

Part A: Discovery 1

Recommendations

  • 5 mins
  • Individual, Pair
  • Core activity
  • Multiple choice, closed


Student instructions

Jake is talking to a detective about a crime.
Read 'The neighbour (1)'. Answer the questions about the verbs in bold.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to provide an opportunity for students to notice the use of infinitives and gerunds after the verbs: agree, decide, seem, want (followed by infinitive); consider, keep (followed by gerund); continue (followed by gerund or infinitive).


 

Part A: Discovery 2

Part A: Discovery 2

Recommendations

  • 5 mins
  • Individual, Pair
  • Core activity
  • Categorization, closed


Student instructions

Read 'Infinitives and gerunds'. Then look at the verbs and put them into the chart.
Use 'List of sentences: Gerunds and infinitives' to help you.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to check recognition of verbs followed by infinitives, gerunds, or both gerunds and infinitives (without a change in meaning).
Extension

 

Part A: Practice

Part A: Practice

Recommendations

  • 5 mins
  • Individual, Pair
  • Core activity
  • Highlighting, closed


Student instructions

Choose the best form to complete the sentences. This can be gerund, infinitive, or both. You can use the reference material 'Infinitives and gerunds' to help you.
Example:
I didn't mind to help / helping her. She is a good friend of mine. We hoped to go / going on holiday together in summer. We both like to travel / travelling.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to provide practice of the target language.


 

Part B: Discovery 1

Part B: Discovery 1

Recommendations

  • 5 mins
  • Individual, Pair
  • Core activity
  • Multiple choice, closed


Student instructions

Read 'The neighbour (2)' and then answer the questions.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to get students' to notice the difference in meaning when the verb stop is followed by infinitives and gerunds.


 

Part B: Discovery 2

Part B: Discovery 2

Recommendations

  • 5 mins
  • Individual, Pair, Class
  • Core activity
  • Multiple choice, closed


Student instructions

Read 'The husband'. Then answer the questions about how we use the verbs forget, mean, regret, remember, and try.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to get students to notice the differences in meaning in the verbs forget, remember, try, regret, and mean when followed by the infinitive and gerund forms.

 

Part B: Practice

Part B: Practice

Recommendations

  • 5 mins
  • Individual, Pair
  • Core activity
  • Gap fill, closed


Student instructions

Fill in the gaps to complete the sentences. Use the correct forms of the two verbs in brackets. You can look at the reference material 'Infinitive or gerund: Changing meanings' to help you.
Example:
I’ll never forget meeting Ms Gillian for the first time. (forget/meet)
Ms Gillian says I always forget to lock the door. (forget/lock)


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to practise of using verbs that change their meaning depending on whether they are followed by an infinitive or a gerund.

 

Part A+B: Practice

Part A+B: Practice

Recommendations

  • 5 mins
  • Individual, Pair, Class
  • Core activity
  • Gap fill, model


Student instructions

Read some of the detective's notes about the case. Fill in the blanks with the infinitive or gerund forms of the verbs. Some gaps can have either an infinitive or a gerund.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to provide controlled practice of all the target language covered in the lessons:
. verbs followed by infinitives
. verbs followed by gerunds
. verbs followed by either without a change in meaning
. verbs followed by either with a change in meaning

 

Part A+B: Write

Part A+B: Write

Recommendations

  • 8 mins
  • Individual, Group, Class
  • Challenge activity
  • Writing, open


Student instructions

No instructions


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to provide freer practice of the target language and to allow students to respond to the content of the lesson.
Extension
If you run this activity in the classroom, students could work in pairs or small groups to write their explanations. The students could then vote on the best explanation.
There is no single 'correct' answer to the mystery.

 

Final check

Final check

Recommendations

  • 5 mins
  • Individual
  • Core activity
  • Text entry, open


Student instructions

Write sentences about the topics. Use the verb in brackets.
Example:
something you need to do in the next week (remember)
I must remember to buy a present for my sister's birthday.


Teacher notes

The aim of this activity is to test students' knowledge of verbs followed by infinitives and gerunds and to assess the progress they have made in this lesson since the Knowledge check.

 
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